Prehispanic Era, 1K


“Hacienda del Apantle de la Santa Cruz, Memories of its Surroundings”
The origins of Cocoyoc, located in the municipality of Yautepec, state of Morelos, go back to the time of the fall of the Toltec empire when groups of people from the north crossed the Mesoamerican border and arrived to the state of Morelos. The Nahuas tribes of the Tlahuicas and Xochimilcas were the ones who occupied the Cuauhnáhuac and Huaxtepec valleys (1250-1300 d. C.).
The Tlahuicas occupied the western part of the region which stretched to Malinalco; its most important political center was Cuauhnáhuac (Cuernavaca). On the other hand the Xochimilcas established themselves in the center and eastern part, which would later be the states of Yauhtepec, Yacapixtlan, Tepuztlan, Ocuituco and Huaxtepec, this last one became the head, depended on by the others.
By the year 1398 Moquiuix reigned in Cuernavaca. During this time the Mexicas dominated Morelos, their power grew until the Spaniards arrived. At that time Morelos was divided in two: Cuernavaca and Oaxtepec; the purpose of this division was the tax collection; each region had to pay tax on several products to Mexico-Tenochtitlan.
The Xochimilcas and the Tlahuicas formed an agricultural society. They cultivated the fertile land of the valleys, raised turkeys, escuintle dogs and dedicated themselves to hunting, fishing and recollection. Corn, beans, vegetables, fruits and grains, such as chile, pumpkin, squash, green tomatoes, tomatoes, and cocoa were their main crops. They planted cotton in the warmer areas
The Tlahuica tongue —also called Atzinca or Ocuilteco— belongs to the Otopame group. In their native tongue the Tlahuica or Ocuilteco is known as the Pjiekak’joo, which means “what I am” or “what I speak”. It developed mainly during the post classic era (1100-1521), period in which the largest cities were Cuauhnáhuac (Cuernavaca) y Huaxtepec (Oaxtepec).

Hacienda del Apantle de la Santa Cruz:

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