In 1811, Francisco Ayala was attacked because of his opposition of the abuses of the Spaniards of the region. His ranch home in Mapastlan, close to Cuautla where he was born, was set fire and gunned and his wife was killed. These happenings forced him to join the fight of Jose Maria Morelos who in his Letters of Feelings of the Mexican Nation had left embodied his idea of the independence.
Félix María Calleja was the Commanding General of the Royalist Army, named by the Viceroy Venegas. As his troops advanced, the Insurgent Army of Morelos that had reached Chalco retreated towards the south.
Weeks before the arrival of Morelos Victor Bravo had fortified Cuautla. He had concentrated food and arms at the hacienda of Buena Vista.
Morelos entered Cuautla with his troops on the 7th of February; Galeana had built trenches and installed artillery at all the corners. By the 19th of February Morelos had four thousand men to defend Cuautla with armament that he had taken from the Royalists.
The “Site of Cuautla” began with an assault to the convent of the Plaza de San Diego at 7:00 o’clock of the morning of that 19th of February. Hunger, plague and lack of water could not stand against the Insurgent cause. At daylight of the 2nd of May Calleja surrendered. Morelos and some of his people, after a demolishing battle, left the Site without injuries on his way to Ocuituco.
Later, on the 3rd of November, 1815, don José María Morelos; the Generalisimo, was apprehended in Texmalaca, (state of Guerrero) and first transferred to Tenango, and later to Cuernavaca. In a corridor of the Palace of Cortes a marble inscription can be read which says: “The General don Jose Maria Morelos, illustrious leader, hero of the Fatherland, irreproachable defender of the Independence, was jailed during the 7th, 8th and 9th of November, 1815, and his bloodshed in a gallows impregnated the holy cause of the freedom of Mexico. . .”
The city of Cuernavaca saw Agustin de Iturbide lead his army to fight Vicente Guerrero on the 18th of November, 1820. Not a year later this same city was a witness on the 27th of September, 1821, of the “Ejército Trigarante” (Army of the Three Guarantees) with Agustin de Iturbide at the head, which returned triumphant; the Independence had been consummated.
Thus, on the 4th of October, the Constitution of the United Mexican States was enacted, which in its article 41 established: “The Mexican Nation adopts for its government the form of the Popular Representative Federal Republic”. As a direct consequence of the new code in which the idea of recognizing the sovereignty of the new states that would form the nation, the states, made up of provinces or intendancies established by the viceroyalty, among them the one of Mexico, to which the main old mayoralties of Cuernavaca and Cuautla de Amilpas belonged, and which converted into parties together formed the District of Cuernavaca (current state of Morelos)
Hacienda del Apantle de la Santa Cruz: http://www.facebook.com/delapantle.
Muebles Zeromadera: http://www.ramsol.com