“Hacienda del Apantle de la Santa Cruz, Memories of its Surroundings”
The term hacienda refers to a generally large farming property, with a nucleus of homes, almost always of a great architectural value. This system of property is of Spanish origin and was brought to America during the Colony. The word hacienda comes from a word which means work —facere facio, is, ere factum = to do—. That is that the hacienda is obtained by “doing”, working. Historians have admitted the use of this term to refer to an industrial conglomerate. In the state of Morelos hacienda is an industrial body dedicated to the production of sugar by milling the sugar cane.
Sugar cane, which may have had an Arab origin in the north of Africa, passed to the Canary Islands and then to America, entering this continent through the Caribbean. It arrived at the New Spain thanks to Hernan Cortes, who introduced it by building the first sugar cane mill in 1526 in Santiago Tuxtla, in the zone of the state of Veracruz. The first sugar cane mills in the zone of Morelos were in Axomulco, close to Cuernavaca, installed by Antonio Serrano de Cardona, and the mill in Tlaltenango, in the zone of Cuautla, built by Cortés himself. After this industry extended through all the region, as is the case in the state of Morelos or the humid warm zones of Veracruz, where many sugar producing haciendas were opened. At the beginning, the sugar production kept its Spanish feudal character, but it soon acquired an industrial capitalist character.
In the current state of Morelos there are regions of haciendas that take advantage of the four rivers which run from the mountain range to the fertile lands of the valleys.
Hacienda del Apantle de la Santa Cruz: http://www.facebook.com/delapantle.
Muebles Zeromadera: http://www.ramsol.com