February Fifth, 1857, 23 K

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“Hacienda del Apantle de la Santa Cruz, recuerdos de sus alrededores”

The movement headed by Juan Alvarez to put an end to the dictatorship of Santa Anna, ended with the signing of the Plan de Ayutla, and a special Congress was called in Mexico City in February of 1856. A year later, on the 5th of February, 1857, with President Ignacio Comonfort at the head, the Constituent Congress signed a new Constitution. It ratified the federalism, freedom of labor, property and expression of ideas, of press, petition and commerce, as well as the abolition of slavery. It was also established that all Mexican males at 18 had a right to vote if they were married and at 21 if they were single.

However, the stability of the country was not obtained with the enactment of this Constitution. A few months later, Comonfort himself would disclaim it, becoming a part of the uprising of Ignacio Zuloaga and making a self coup and jailing some citizens, among them the President of the Supreme Court of Justice, Benito Juarez, who had a legitimate right to occupy the presidency in a case such as this one. The rebellion ended with the War of Three Years or the War of Reform between the conservatives who rejected the constitution and the liberals who backed it.

Later, the liberals, headed by Benito Juarez, triumphed. During the time of the war itself a series of ordinances known as the Reform Laws were issued, among which the separation of Church and State were established.

So it was that the Constitution of 1857 was very important for defending the nation from the French invasion and the Empire of Maximilian of Habsburg. It had full force from the time of the expulsion of the foreigners and remained until 1917.

Hacienda del Apantle de la Santa Cruz: http://www.facebook.com/delapantle.

Muebles Zeromadera: http://www.ramsol.com

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